Ernest Edward Twose

Ernest Edward TWOSEAge: 79 years18811960

Name
Ernest Edward TWOSE
Given names
Ernest Edward
Surname
TWOSE
Birth 15 September 1881 26 24
Residence 5 April 1891 (Age 9 years)
Note: Address at 1891 census
Military
Royal Navy
12 February 1897 (Age 15 years)

Note:
Ernest's Royal Naval Service Record and a transcript with explanatory notes. Most of the information and images relating to Royal Naval vessels featuring in the events which follow originate from Wikipedia and Wikimedia Commons.

Military Service
HMS Impregnable
12 February 1897 (Age 15 years)

Note:
Ernest left his job as a Baker's Boy in Bedminster , Bristol and joined HMS Impregnable as a Boy Sailor at the age of 15 years and 5 months. His rating on joining was Boy 2nd Class (B2cl). A boy aged 15 to 17 rated as such on entry to a training ship of the Royal Navy. Such entry was conditional on a boy being of adequate physical height, weight and medical fitness and who possessed evidence of being of 'good character'. The boy's parents or guardians would sign a declaration that the boy would serve in the Navy for a minimum period (usually 12 years). Ernest received a First Enlistment Clothing and Bedding Gratuity of £6. In December 1897 he received a Good Conduct Gratuity of £1. HMS Impregnable was a training establishment started at Devonport in 1862, and active until 1929. As training ships were replaced or added to the establishment, each was renamed Impregnable when she took on the role. HMS Howe was HMS Impregnable between 1885 and 1911
Military Service
HMS Trafalgar
1 June 1898 (Age 16 years)

Note:
Ernest joined HMS Trafalgar, aged sixteen, as a Boy First Class (B1cl). To qualify for this rate a boy had to be aged 16 to 18 under training and have served for between 9 months and 18 months rated as Boy 2nd Class. He also had to show sufficient proficiency in seamanship and have accumulated at least one Good Conduct Badge (the requirements varied between training ships). His rate of pay was increased on being promoted. He also received a Gratuity of £3. At this time HMS Trafalgar had been paid off from service as second flagship, Mediterranean Fleet and was a guard ship based at Portsmouth.
Military Service
HMS Crescent
22 June 1898 (Age 16 years)

Note: Ernest was moved on to HMS Crescent still rated as a Boy First Class (B1cl). HMS Crescent was a first class cruiser of the Edgar class launched at Portsmouth in 1892.
Military Service
HMS Mars
17 August 1898 (Age 16 years)

Note:
Ernest was next posted to HMS Mars with the same rank of Boy First Class (B1cl) HMS Mars was a Royal Navy predreadnought battleship of the Majestic class. She had been commissioned on 8 June 1897 for service with the Channel Fleet. She had been present, the year before Ernest's posting, at the Fleet Review at Spithead for the Diamond Jubilee of Queen Victoria on 26 June 1897. Ernest continued to serve on board HMS Mars. However on the attainment of his 18th Birthday on 15 Setember 1899 he automatically became rated as an Ordinary Seamen and was then subject to the Naval Discipline Act as applicable to adult seamen. This is when he would have signed up for 12 years service with option of re-engaging for a further 10 years to qualify for pension.
Military Service
HMS Trafalgar
17 June 1900 (Age 18 years)

Note:
Ernest is posted back to HMS Trafalgar with the rate of Ordinary Seaman. Trafalgar still had the same role as before as guardship at Portsmouth and she remained as a guardship until August 1902. She remained thereafter in reserve until 1907, when she went to Sheerness to serve as a drill ship for crews of turrets and of submerged torpedo tubes.
HMS Trafalgar
HMS Trafalgar

Note: Officers, crewmen and two dogs on the quarterdeck, at Malta, 1897. This is a little earlier than Ernest's time on the ship.

Military
HMS Trafalgar Census Record
31 March 1901 (Age 19 years)
Note: HMS Trafalgar's home station is Portsmouth but is berthed at Portland at the time of the 1901 census. Although a member of the ship's complement he is recorded as being ashore at time of the census. It is noted that his rate is Ordinary Seaman.
Military Service
HMS Cressy
28 May 1901 (Age 19 years)

Note:
Posting to HMS Cressy still with the rate of Ordinary Seaman. HMS Cressy was an Armoured Cruiser capable of 21 knots built by Fairfield, Govan and launched 4 December 1899. Until 1908, the Cressy class ships served in Home waters, the Mediterranean and the Far East. On 1 February 1902 whilst still serving on board HMS Cressy, Ernest is promoted to Able Seaman (AB), sometimes referred to as Able Bodied Seaman. He remains with Cressy until February 1905. His conduct report each year was normally «b»Very Good«/b» but that dated 31 December1904 came out as «b»Good«/b» which seems fairly innocuous. However character was graded VG (Very Good), Good, Fair, Bad (men assessed as Bad were discharged). Officers were allowed no judgement in this. A man started each year as VG. If he was awarded certain laid down (and quite serious) punishment(s) this was reduced to Good, and so on. This indicates then that Ernest, now aged 23, had been a bad boy. We cannot know what his offences were, these were recorded on his Record of Offences Sheet but the rule was that this was destroyed when a rating left a ship and a new one started.
Portrait
Ernest Edward Twose and his Siblings
1905 (Age 23 years)

Note: The photo is taken in Nelson, Lancashire where all his siblings have ended up after the death of their mother.
Ernest With His Brother Charles and His Sisters
Ernest With His Brother Charles and His Sisters

Note: L to R Standing Ada, Charles, Ernest and Nellie. Sitting Laura, Lillian and Florrie.

Military Service
HMS Excellent
8 February 1905 (Age 23 years)

Note:
Ernest is posted to HMS Excellent presumably for gunnery training. HMS Excellent is a Royal Navy "stone frigate" (shore establishment) sited on Whale Island near Portsmouth in Hampshire. Originally housed in a number of hulks named HMS Excellent since 1830, it was formally established in 1869. It moved ashore in 1891.
Military
HMS Victory I
3 September 1905 (Age 23 years)

Note:
At this time HMS Victory was a Depot Ship and permanently moored in Portsmouth Harbour. It is unlikely that Ernest was physically posted here rather he was assigned to HMS Victory for administrative reasons. This is because in the Royal Navy, under section 67 of the Naval Discipline Act 1866, the provisions of the act only applied to officers and men of the Royal Navy who are borne on the books of a warship. When shore establishments began to become more common it was necessary to allocate the title of the establishment to an actual vessel which became the nominal depot ship for the men allocated to the establishment and thus ensured they were subject to the provisions of the Act. This also applied to men who were between postings as there was often not a smooth transition from vessel to vessel. HMS Victory at this time was serving as a harbour ship in Portsmouth. In 1889, Victory was fitted up as a Naval School of Telegraphy. She soon became a proper Signal School, and signal ratings from ships paying off were sent to Victory, instead of the barracks, for a two-month training course. The School remained on Victory until 1904, the year before Ernest's posting.
Military Service
HMS Bacchante
8 September 1905 (Age 23 years)

Note: Ernest's next posting as an Able Seaman was to HMS Bacchante. This vessel was a Cressy-class armoured cruiser launched in 1901. Ernest would have had some time in the Mediterranean on this posting as Bacchante served for a while with the Mediterranean Fleet. In 1906 she was transferred to the North America and West Indies Squadron and served there until she returned to home waters.
Military Service
HMS Aboukir
27 November 1906 (Age 25 years)

Note:
Ernest was posted to HMS Aboukir as an Able Seaman. HMS Aboukir was a Cressy-class armoured cruiser. She was built by Fairfield Shipbuilding & Engineering Co Ltd, Govan, Scotland in 1902.
Military Service
HMS Essex
2 March 1907 (Age 25 years)

Note:
Ernest spent two months aboard HMS Essex as an Able Seaman rate. HMS Essex was a Monmouth-class armoured cruiser of the British Royal Navy. She was built at Pembroke Dock and launched on 29 August 1901. She served in the First World War with most of her sisters, and survived to be sold for scrap on 8 November 1921.
Military
HMS Victory I
30 April 1907 (Age 25 years)

Note:
Ernest was assigned to HMS Victory I between postings. The real HMS Victory was still permanently moored in Portsmouth harbour.
Military Service
HMS Drake
7 May 1907 (Age 25 years)

Note:
Ernest was posted as an Able Seaman rate to HMS Drake where he spent the next two years. HMS Drake was a 14,100 tons armoured cruiser of the Royal Navy, the lead ship of her class. She was built at Pembroke Dock and launched on 5 March 1901. John Jellicoe, future First Sea Lord and commander at Jutland captained Drake in 1903-1904. Another notable figure who served aboard Drake was Humphrey T. Walwyn, a future Vice Admiral of the Royal Indian Navy, who served aboard her as a Gunnery Lieutenant.

Ernest Twose Centre In White Overall
Ernest Twose Centre In White Overall

Note: With the help of his shipmates on HMS Drake Ernest is splicing a wire rope.


A Close Up
A Close Up

Note: The cap ribbon of the sailor opposite Ernest reads HMS Drake.

Military Service
HMS Excellent
27 July 1909 (Age 27 years)

Note: Ernest spent a month at the gunnery training shore establishment at Whale Island, Portsmouth.
Military
HMS Victory
26 September 1909 (Age 28 years)

Note:
Ernest was assigned to HMS Victory I for two weeks whilst between postings. The real HMS Victory was still permanently moored in Portsmouth harbour.
Military Service
HMS Grafton
9 November 1909 (Age 28 years)

Note:
He spent almost a year aboard this vessel and on 8 February 1910 he was promoted to Leading Seaman rate. HMS Grafton was a first class protected cruiser of the Edgar class. She was launched on 30 January 1892. The protected cruiser is a type of naval cruiser of the late 19th century, so known because its armoured deck offered protection for vital machine spaces from shrapnel caused by exploding shells above.

Ernest Edward Twose 1910
Ernest Edward Twose 1910

Note: HMS Grafton cap ribbon. Right sleeve indicates Seaman Gunner. Left sleeve Leading Seaman anchor and two Good Conduct stripes.

Military Service
HMS Britannia
29 October 1910 (Age 29 years)

Note:
He spent 18 months on board HMS Britannia. On 15 September 1911 he completed his 12 year Continuous Service Engagement. He now had the choice of leaving the Royal Navy or signing on again for another 10 years to ensure he would recieve a pension. He chose to sign on again. The sixth HMS Britannia of the British Royal Navy was a pre-dreadnought battleship of the King Edward VII class. She was built at Portsmouth Dockyard. She was laid down on 4 February 1902, launched on 10 December 1904, and completed in September 1906, but was made obsolete three months later by the completion of the revolutionary battleship HMS Dreadnought in December 1906.
Military
HMS Victory I
25 May 1912 (Age 30 years)

Note:
Ernest was assigned to HMS Victory I between postings. His naval career was about to take a different course. The real HMS Victory was still pemanently at anchor as a depot ship and slowly rotting away.
Military
Coastguard Service
16 July 1912 (Age 30 years)

Note: Ernest was transferred to the Coast Guard Service. Up to 1923 this service was administered by the Admiralty so this move was more straightforward than it might seem.
Military Service
Coastguard Service, Eastern, Flamborough Head
16 July 1912 (Age 30 years)

Note:
Ernest's rate on this posting became that of Commissioned Boatman. This was the Coastguard equivalent of his previous Leading Seaman rate. He was at Flamborough Head for 18 months. The coastguard cottages still exist on Lighthouse Road. On 16 December 1912 the London Gazette reported a pay rise for the Royal Navy. This meant that Ernest , as a Leading Seaman with 3 years service, now got 2 shillings and four pence a day or £42 11s 8d a year, equivalent to about £3400 pa today.
Military Service
Coastguard Service Eastern, Speeton
6 March 1914 (Age 32 years)

Note:
Ernest was moved to Speeton but this posting was about to be interrupted by the start of WW1. The Coastguard Cottages at Speeton still exist. The picture of the Coastguard Cottages at Speeton is by courtesy of Yorkshire Guide at http://www.yorkshire-guide.co.uk/reighton-speeton-hunmanby-gap.aspx
Military Service
HMS Mars
1 August 1914 (Age 32 years)

Note:
War having been declared on 28 July 1914, Ernest was embarked from Speeton. In other words he was returned to sea going duties for the duration of the War. His rate was recorded as Leading Seaman (Boatman). Ernest had served on Mars early in his naval career and he did not have far to travel as Mars was serving as a guard ship at the Humber when World War I began. Mars was transferred to the Dover Patrol on 9 December 1914, and was based at Dover briefly before moving to Portland on 11 December 1914. She was based at Portland until February 1915. The Majestic-class ships were by then the oldest and least effective battleships in service in the Royal Navy. In February 1915 Mars transferred to Belfast, where she paid off on 15 February 1915. In March and April 1915 she was disarmed there by Harland and Wolff, retaining only four of her 6-inch (152mm) guns and some lighter guns; her 12-inch (305mm) guns were taken to arm the new Lord Clive-class monitors HMS Earl of Peterborough and HMS Sir Thomas Picton. After that, she was laid up in Loch Goil in April 1915.

Ernest Edward Twose 1915
Ernest Edward Twose 1915

Note: Portrait taken at Portland with his HMS Mars cap ribbon. On his sleeve the anchor denotes Leading Rate. He has three Good Conduct stripes.

Military
HMS Pembroke I
26 February 1915 (Age 33 years)

Note: As HMS Mars had been paid off, Ernest was assigned to HMS Pembroke I an accounting base at Chatham until Mars was laid up.
Military Service
AMC Ebro
21 April 1915 (Age 33 years)

Note:
Armed Merchant Cruiser Ebro was on Contraband duties. She was a Ship Taken Up From Trade (STUFT) belonging to the Royal Mail Steam Packet Co. She was taken into naval service 23 March 1915; and armed with 6 x 6in guns and 2 x 6pounders. She served with the Northern Patrol, based at Scapa Flow and tasked with patrolling the Iceland-Faeroes/Faeroes-Shetland gaps, stopping and searching neutral merchant shipping and intercepting blockade runners. On 26 July 1915 Ernest managed to get some leave from AMC Ebro and married Martha Clay in Leeds. On Northern Patrol on 14 Jan 1916, AMC Ebro stopped the OLIVIA, a Norwegian Barque. It appears that her movements were considered suspicious and an Officer plus four seamen boarded her as an armed guard. Nothing further was heard from the guard or the Olivia until 15 Feb when a boat from the barque was found. Subsequently the men were reported as killed. On 1 March 1916 Ernest was promoted to Petty Officer (Leading Boatman). On 21 March 1917 four more men were killed whilst acting as armed guards on a Norwegian Barque. In March/April 1918 AMC Ebro was in sunnier climes. As part of the Fourth American Convoy she visted Rio de Janiero. It had taken until May of 1917 in WW1 for Britain to introduce the convoy system to protect her merchant fleet from marauding German U Boats.

AMC Ebro Crew
AMC Ebro Crew

Note: A group of Convoy Signalmen. The ship was part of the Fourth American Convoy and the picture was taken in Rio de Janiero.

MarriageMartha CLAYView this family
26 July 1915 (Age 33 years)
Citation details: Leeds Page 36 Entry 92
Quality of data: 4
Occupation
Leading Seaman RN
26 July 1915 (Age 33 years)
Note: Noted on his marriage certificate
Military
HMS Pembroke I
25 January 1919 (Age 37 years)

Note: Ernest was assigned to HMS Pembroke I an accounting base at Chatham until his next posting.
Occupation
Petty Officer RN (Baker)
8 February 1919 (Age 37 years)

Note: Noted on James Edgar's birth certificate
Military Service
President IV Eastern - Filey
1 March 1919 (Age 37 years)

Note:
HMS President IV was the London accounting base, in operation between 1918 and 1926 handling the accounts of the commands of the Coastguard ships and the Reserves. This meant that Ernest was posted back to the Coastguard Service at Speeton rated as a Leading Boatman. The job included accommodation at the Coastguard Cottages so his wife Martha, daughter Gladys aged 2 and newly born son James moved there to join him from Bowers Row, Kippax. During 1919 Ernest recieved a War Gratuity. Based on his rate and years of service he would have been entitled to £32.
Military Service
Coastguard Service Deal
8 December 1919 (Age 38 years)

Note:
No sooner had Ernest been reunited with his family at Speeton than he was posted to Deal in Kent. On 26 July 1921 his third child Harold was born. He is recorded as Leading Boatman on Harold's birth certificate Later that year on 14 September 1921 Ernest completed his "12 and 10" ie. his 22 years service to qualify for a naval pension. Ernest carried on, now working in the New Coast Guard Force but still at Deal. His rate was now called Grade III. However in 1923 responsibility for the Coastguard moved from the Admiralty to the Board Of Trade. Leading up to this there was a reduction in staffing:- Transcript extracted from London Gazette of 8 May 1923 "Further RN & Coast Guard Redundancies And whereas by Order in Council of 13th October, 1922, ................... in order to complete the reduction of Your Majesty's Naval and Marine Forces we have found it necessary, subsequently to the 11th August., 1922, to invite further applications from men for discharge from those Forces and to discharge compulsorily additional men from those Forces." Ernest fell victim to this and on 31 March 1923 his service with the Coastguard finished. He received compensation of £266 16s 8d. In addition he would have had removal expenses to a future residence paid and a civilian clothing allowance. Those discarded could however volunteer for service with The Coast Watching or Coast Preventative Force and the latter seems to have been his next move.
Ernest Twose And His Family In 1921
Ernest Twose And His Family In 1921

Note: Ernest, Martha, Harold, Gladys And James


Ernest Twose C1920
Ernest Twose C1920

Note: His sleeve bears the crossed anchors denoting Petty Officer rate and his three Good Conduct stripes.


The complement of HM Coastguard Deal
The complement of HM Coastguard Deal

Note: Ernest is rear left. At the peak of the gable on the Senior Coastguard Officer's house behind the hedge is the RN anchor symbol. This house still stands,


The Senior Coastguard Officer's House Today
The Senior Coastguard Officer's House Today

Note: The peak of the gable has changed slightly but the RN anchor is still there.


HM Coastguard Deal Lookout.
HM Coastguard Deal Lookout.

Note: The Senior Coastguard Officer's house is seen behind and the roofs of the CoastGuard cottages.


HM Coastguard Cottages Deal
HM Coastguard Cottages Deal

Note: Ernest and his family would have occupied one of these.

Occupation
Coast Preventive Man
1923 (Age 41 years)

Note: After being made redundant with the Coastguard, Ernest volunteered for a post with the Coast Preventive Force. His territory included Bridlington Harbour.
Ernest Twose In About 1925
Ernest Twose In About 1925

Note: Ernest in his Waterguard uniform. The cap badge corresponds to that of the rank of a Coast Preventive Man of that period (see inset)

Portrait
Ernest And His Family
1927 (Age 45 years)

Ernest And Family About 1927
Ernest And Family About 1927

Note: It's not known who the elder boy on the left and the girl in the background are. James, Gladys And Harold are at the front.

Occupation
Coast Preventive Officer
1939 (Age 57 years)
Note: Kelly's Directory 1939
Rocket Life Saving Apparatus Building In 1900
Rocket Life Saving Apparatus Building In 1900

Note: Ernest later had his office in this building.


Harbour View Diner
Harbour View Diner

Note: The Rocket Life Saving Apparatus Station building today. The Admiralty anchor on the distinctive gable end gives the clue.

Occupation
Coast Preventive Officer Customs and Excise
29 September 1939 (Age 58 years)

Note: Occupation noted at 1939 Register.
Residence 29 September 1939 (Age 58 years)
Note: Address noted at 1939 Register.
Occupation
Customs And Excise Officer
10 October 1940 (Age 59 years)

Note: On son James' marriage certificate
Portrait
Sons In Uniform
1940 (Age 58 years)

Note: Ernest and Martha photographed with their sons at the start of WW2

Portrait
Jack And Sarah Humphries Golden Wedding
1950 (Age 68 years)

Note: Ernest and Martha are seated to the left of Jack and Sarah.
Occupation
Retired Customs And Excise Officer
19 December 1960 (on the date of death)

Death 19 December 1960 (Age 79 years)
Cause of death: 1 a Myocardial Degeneration 2 Suprapubic Cystotomy for Prostate Gland
Unique identifier
884E730AE4684118903BDAAD0968F37D2BC1
yes

Last change 22 February 201714:47

Family with parents - View this family
father
mother
Marriage: 30 September 1880The Baptist Chapel, Wellington, Somerset, England
11 months
himself
3 years
younger brother
13 months
younger sister
13 months
younger sister
13 months
younger brother
2 years
younger sister
22 months
younger brother
4 years
younger sister
6 months
younger sister
13 months
younger sister
22 months
younger sister
2 years
younger sister
Family with Martha CLAY - View this family
himself
wife
Marriage: 26 July 1915Leeds Register Office, Leeds, West Yorkshire, England
20 months
daughter
23 months
son
3 years
son

MarriageRegistration of Marriage
Citation details: Leeds Page 36 Entry 92
Quality of data: 4
Residence
Address at 1891 census
Military
Ernest's Royal Naval Service Record and a transcript with explanatory notes. Most of the information and images relating to Royal Naval vessels featuring in the events which follow originate from Wikipedia and Wikimedia Commons.
Military Service
Ernest left his job as a Baker's Boy in Bedminster , Bristol and joined HMS Impregnable as a Boy Sailor at the age of 15 years and 5 months. His rating on joining was Boy 2nd Class (B2cl). A boy aged 15 to 17 rated as such on entry to a training ship of the Royal Navy. Such entry was conditional on a boy being of adequate physical height, weight and medical fitness and who possessed evidence of being of 'good character'. The boy's parents or guardians would sign a declaration that the boy would serve in the Navy for a minimum period (usually 12 years). Ernest received a First Enlistment Clothing and Bedding Gratuity of £6. In December 1897 he received a Good Conduct Gratuity of £1. HMS Impregnable was a training establishment started at Devonport in 1862, and active until 1929. As training ships were replaced or added to the establishment, each was renamed Impregnable when she took on the role. HMS Howe was HMS Impregnable between 1885 and 1911
Military Service
Ernest joined HMS Trafalgar, aged sixteen, as a Boy First Class (B1cl). To qualify for this rate a boy had to be aged 16 to 18 under training and have served for between 9 months and 18 months rated as Boy 2nd Class. He also had to show sufficient proficiency in seamanship and have accumulated at least one Good Conduct Badge (the requirements varied between training ships). His rate of pay was increased on being promoted. He also received a Gratuity of £3. At this time HMS Trafalgar had been paid off from service as second flagship, Mediterranean Fleet and was a guard ship based at Portsmouth.
Military Service
Ernest was moved on to HMS Crescent still rated as a Boy First Class (B1cl). HMS Crescent was a first class cruiser of the Edgar class launched at Portsmouth in 1892.
Military Service
Ernest was next posted to HMS Mars with the same rank of Boy First Class (B1cl) HMS Mars was a Royal Navy predreadnought battleship of the Majestic class. She had been commissioned on 8 June 1897 for service with the Channel Fleet. She had been present, the year before Ernest's posting, at the Fleet Review at Spithead for the Diamond Jubilee of Queen Victoria on 26 June 1897. Ernest continued to serve on board HMS Mars. However on the attainment of his 18th Birthday on 15 Setember 1899 he automatically became rated as an Ordinary Seamen and was then subject to the Naval Discipline Act as applicable to adult seamen. This is when he would have signed up for 12 years service with option of re-engaging for a further 10 years to qualify for pension.
Military Service
Ernest is posted back to HMS Trafalgar with the rate of Ordinary Seaman. Trafalgar still had the same role as before as guardship at Portsmouth and she remained as a guardship until August 1902. She remained thereafter in reserve until 1907, when she went to Sheerness to serve as a drill ship for crews of turrets and of submerged torpedo tubes.
Military
HMS Trafalgar's home station is Portsmouth but is berthed at Portland at the time of the 1901 census. Although a member of the ship's complement he is recorded as being ashore at time of the census. It is noted that his rate is Ordinary Seaman.
Military Service
Posting to HMS Cressy still with the rate of Ordinary Seaman. HMS Cressy was an Armoured Cruiser capable of 21 knots built by Fairfield, Govan and launched 4 December 1899. Until 1908, the Cressy class ships served in Home waters, the Mediterranean and the Far East. On 1 February 1902 whilst still serving on board HMS Cressy, Ernest is promoted to Able Seaman (AB), sometimes referred to as Able Bodied Seaman. He remains with Cressy until February 1905. His conduct report each year was normally «b»Very Good«/b» but that dated 31 December1904 came out as «b»Good«/b» which seems fairly innocuous. However character was graded VG (Very Good), Good, Fair, Bad (men assessed as Bad were discharged). Officers were allowed no judgement in this. A man started each year as VG. If he was awarded certain laid down (and quite serious) punishment(s) this was reduced to Good, and so on. This indicates then that Ernest, now aged 23, had been a bad boy. We cannot know what his offences were, these were recorded on his Record of Offences Sheet but the rule was that this was destroyed when a rating left a ship and a new one started.
Portrait
The photo is taken in Nelson, Lancashire where all his siblings have ended up after the death of their mother.
Military Service
Ernest is posted to HMS Excellent presumably for gunnery training. HMS Excellent is a Royal Navy "stone frigate" (shore establishment) sited on Whale Island near Portsmouth in Hampshire. Originally housed in a number of hulks named HMS Excellent since 1830, it was formally established in 1869. It moved ashore in 1891.
Military
At this time HMS Victory was a Depot Ship and permanently moored in Portsmouth Harbour. It is unlikely that Ernest was physically posted here rather he was assigned to HMS Victory for administrative reasons. This is because in the Royal Navy, under section 67 of the Naval Discipline Act 1866, the provisions of the act only applied to officers and men of the Royal Navy who are borne on the books of a warship. When shore establishments began to become more common it was necessary to allocate the title of the establishment to an actual vessel which became the nominal depot ship for the men allocated to the establishment and thus ensured they were subject to the provisions of the Act. This also applied to men who were between postings as there was often not a smooth transition from vessel to vessel. HMS Victory at this time was serving as a harbour ship in Portsmouth. In 1889, Victory was fitted up as a Naval School of Telegraphy. She soon became a proper Signal School, and signal ratings from ships paying off were sent to Victory, instead of the barracks, for a two-month training course. The School remained on Victory until 1904, the year before Ernest's posting.
Military Service
Ernest's next posting as an Able Seaman was to HMS Bacchante. This vessel was a Cressy-class armoured cruiser launched in 1901. Ernest would have had some time in the Mediterranean on this posting as Bacchante served for a while with the Mediterranean Fleet. In 1906 she was transferred to the North America and West Indies Squadron and served there until she returned to home waters.
Military Service
Ernest was posted to HMS Aboukir as an Able Seaman. HMS Aboukir was a Cressy-class armoured cruiser. She was built by Fairfield Shipbuilding & Engineering Co Ltd, Govan, Scotland in 1902.
Military Service
Ernest spent two months aboard HMS Essex as an Able Seaman rate. HMS Essex was a Monmouth-class armoured cruiser of the British Royal Navy. She was built at Pembroke Dock and launched on 29 August 1901. She served in the First World War with most of her sisters, and survived to be sold for scrap on 8 November 1921.
Military
Ernest was assigned to HMS Victory I between postings. The real HMS Victory was still permanently moored in Portsmouth harbour.
Military Service
Ernest was posted as an Able Seaman rate to HMS Drake where he spent the next two years. HMS Drake was a 14,100 tons armoured cruiser of the Royal Navy, the lead ship of her class. She was built at Pembroke Dock and launched on 5 March 1901. John Jellicoe, future First Sea Lord and commander at Jutland captained Drake in 1903-1904. Another notable figure who served aboard Drake was Humphrey T. Walwyn, a future Vice Admiral of the Royal Indian Navy, who served aboard her as a Gunnery Lieutenant.
Military Service
Ernest spent a month at the gunnery training shore establishment at Whale Island, Portsmouth.
Military
Ernest was assigned to HMS Victory I for two weeks whilst between postings. The real HMS Victory was still permanently moored in Portsmouth harbour.
Military Service
He spent almost a year aboard this vessel and on 8 February 1910 he was promoted to Leading Seaman rate. HMS Grafton was a first class protected cruiser of the Edgar class. She was launched on 30 January 1892. The protected cruiser is a type of naval cruiser of the late 19th century, so known because its armoured deck offered protection for vital machine spaces from shrapnel caused by exploding shells above.
Military Service
He spent 18 months on board HMS Britannia. On 15 September 1911 he completed his 12 year Continuous Service Engagement. He now had the choice of leaving the Royal Navy or signing on again for another 10 years to ensure he would recieve a pension. He chose to sign on again. The sixth HMS Britannia of the British Royal Navy was a pre-dreadnought battleship of the King Edward VII class. She was built at Portsmouth Dockyard. She was laid down on 4 February 1902, launched on 10 December 1904, and completed in September 1906, but was made obsolete three months later by the completion of the revolutionary battleship HMS Dreadnought in December 1906.
Military
Ernest was assigned to HMS Victory I between postings. His naval career was about to take a different course. The real HMS Victory was still pemanently at anchor as a depot ship and slowly rotting away.
Military
Ernest was transferred to the Coast Guard Service. Up to 1923 this service was administered by the Admiralty so this move was more straightforward than it might seem.
Military Service
Ernest's rate on this posting became that of Commissioned Boatman. This was the Coastguard equivalent of his previous Leading Seaman rate. He was at Flamborough Head for 18 months. The coastguard cottages still exist on Lighthouse Road. On 16 December 1912 the London Gazette reported a pay rise for the Royal Navy. This meant that Ernest , as a Leading Seaman with 3 years service, now got 2 shillings and four pence a day or £42 11s 8d a year, equivalent to about £3400 pa today.
Military Service
Ernest was moved to Speeton but this posting was about to be interrupted by the start of WW1. The Coastguard Cottages at Speeton still exist. The picture of the Coastguard Cottages at Speeton is by courtesy of Yorkshire Guide at http://www.yorkshire-guide.co.uk/reighton-speeton-hunmanby-gap.aspx
Military Service
War having been declared on 28 July 1914, Ernest was embarked from Speeton. In other words he was returned to sea going duties for the duration of the War. His rate was recorded as Leading Seaman (Boatman). Ernest had served on Mars early in his naval career and he did not have far to travel as Mars was serving as a guard ship at the Humber when World War I began. Mars was transferred to the Dover Patrol on 9 December 1914, and was based at Dover briefly before moving to Portland on 11 December 1914. She was based at Portland until February 1915. The Majestic-class ships were by then the oldest and least effective battleships in service in the Royal Navy. In February 1915 Mars transferred to Belfast, where she paid off on 15 February 1915. In March and April 1915 she was disarmed there by Harland and Wolff, retaining only four of her 6-inch (152mm) guns and some lighter guns; her 12-inch (305mm) guns were taken to arm the new Lord Clive-class monitors HMS Earl of Peterborough and HMS Sir Thomas Picton. After that, she was laid up in Loch Goil in April 1915.
Military
As HMS Mars had been paid off, Ernest was assigned to HMS Pembroke I an accounting base at Chatham until Mars was laid up.
Military Service
Armed Merchant Cruiser Ebro was on Contraband duties. She was a Ship Taken Up From Trade (STUFT) belonging to the Royal Mail Steam Packet Co. She was taken into naval service 23 March 1915; and armed with 6 x 6in guns and 2 x 6pounders. She served with the Northern Patrol, based at Scapa Flow and tasked with patrolling the Iceland-Faeroes/Faeroes-Shetland gaps, stopping and searching neutral merchant shipping and intercepting blockade runners. On 26 July 1915 Ernest managed to get some leave from AMC Ebro and married Martha Clay in Leeds. On Northern Patrol on 14 Jan 1916, AMC Ebro stopped the OLIVIA, a Norwegian Barque. It appears that her movements were considered suspicious and an Officer plus four seamen boarded her as an armed guard. Nothing further was heard from the guard or the Olivia until 15 Feb when a boat from the barque was found. Subsequently the men were reported as killed. On 1 March 1916 Ernest was promoted to Petty Officer (Leading Boatman). On 21 March 1917 four more men were killed whilst acting as armed guards on a Norwegian Barque. In March/April 1918 AMC Ebro was in sunnier climes. As part of the Fourth American Convoy she visted Rio de Janiero. It had taken until May of 1917 in WW1 for Britain to introduce the convoy system to protect her merchant fleet from marauding German U Boats.
Occupation
Noted on his marriage certificate
Military
Ernest was assigned to HMS Pembroke I an accounting base at Chatham until his next posting.
Occupation
Noted on James Edgar's birth certificate
Military Service
HMS President IV was the London accounting base, in operation between 1918 and 1926 handling the accounts of the commands of the Coastguard ships and the Reserves. This meant that Ernest was posted back to the Coastguard Service at Speeton rated as a Leading Boatman. The job included accommodation at the Coastguard Cottages so his wife Martha, daughter Gladys aged 2 and newly born son James moved there to join him from Bowers Row, Kippax. During 1919 Ernest recieved a War Gratuity. Based on his rate and years of service he would have been entitled to £32.
Military Service
No sooner had Ernest been reunited with his family at Speeton than he was posted to Deal in Kent. On 26 July 1921 his third child Harold was born. He is recorded as Leading Boatman on Harold's birth certificate Later that year on 14 September 1921 Ernest completed his "12 and 10" ie. his 22 years service to qualify for a naval pension. Ernest carried on, now working in the New Coast Guard Force but still at Deal. His rate was now called Grade III. However in 1923 responsibility for the Coastguard moved from the Admiralty to the Board Of Trade. Leading up to this there was a reduction in staffing:- Transcript extracted from London Gazette of 8 May 1923 "Further RN & Coast Guard Redundancies And whereas by Order in Council of 13th October, 1922, ................... in order to complete the reduction of Your Majesty's Naval and Marine Forces we have found it necessary, subsequently to the 11th August., 1922, to invite further applications from men for discharge from those Forces and to discharge compulsorily additional men from those Forces." Ernest fell victim to this and on 31 March 1923 his service with the Coastguard finished. He received compensation of £266 16s 8d. In addition he would have had removal expenses to a future residence paid and a civilian clothing allowance. Those discarded could however volunteer for service with The Coast Watching or Coast Preventative Force and the latter seems to have been his next move.
Occupation
After being made redundant with the Coastguard, Ernest volunteered for a post with the Coast Preventive Force. His territory included Bridlington Harbour.
Occupation
Kelly's Directory 1939
Occupation
Occupation noted at 1939 Register.
Residence
Address noted at 1939 Register.
Occupation
On son James' marriage certificate
Portrait
Ernest and Martha photographed with their sons at the start of WW2
Portrait
Ernest and Martha are seated to the left of Jack and Sarah.
Shared note
(Medical):Certified by S A Swanson MB
BirthErnest Twose Birth CertificateErnest Twose Birth Certificate
Format: image/jpeg
Image dimensions: 1,000 × 401 pixels
File size: 115 KB
Highlighted image: no
MilitaryErnest Twose's RN Service RecordErnest Twose's RN Service Record
Format: image/jpeg
Image dimensions: 600 × 927 pixels
File size: 209 KB
Highlighted image: no
MilitaryTranscript of Ernest Twose's RN Service RecordTranscript of Ernest Twose's RN Service Record
Format: application/pdf
File size: 42 KB
Military ServiceHMS HoweHMS Howe
Format: image/jpeg
Image dimensions: 800 × 569 pixels
File size: 110 KB
Highlighted image: no
Military ServiceHMS Trafalgar 1897HMS Trafalgar 1897
Format: image/jpeg
Image dimensions: 800 × 568 pixels
File size: 73 KB
Highlighted image: no
Military ServiceHMS CrescentHMS Crescent
Format: image/jpeg
Image dimensions: 350 × 262 pixels
File size: 12 KB
Highlighted image: no
Military ServiceHMS MarsHMS Mars
Format: image/jpeg
Image dimensions: 727 × 519 pixels
File size: 114 KB
Highlighted image: no
Military ServiceHMS TrafalgarHMS Trafalgar
Format: image/jpeg
Image dimensions: 800 × 563 pixels
File size: 98 KB
Highlighted image: no
Note: Officers, crewmen and two dogs on the quarterdeck, at Malta, 1897. This is a little earlier than Ernest's time on the ship.
Military ServiceHMS CressyHMS Cressy
Format: image/jpeg
Image dimensions: 800 × 599 pixels
File size: 86 KB
Highlighted image: no
PortraitErnest With His Brother Charles and His SistersErnest With His Brother Charles and His Sisters
Format: image/jpeg
Image dimensions: 988 × 702 pixels
File size: 471 KB
Highlighted image: no
Note: L to R Standing Ada, Charles, Ernest and Nellie. Sitting Laura, Lillian and Florrie.
MilitaryHMS Victory, Portsmouth 1900HMS Victory, Portsmouth 1900
Format: image/jpeg
Image dimensions: 439 × 599 pixels
File size: 60 KB
Highlighted image: no
Military ServiceHMS BacchanteHMS Bacchante
Format: image/jpeg
Image dimensions: 350 × 242 pixels
File size: 14 KB
Highlighted image: no
Military ServiceHMS AboukirHMS Aboukir
Format: image/jpeg
Image dimensions: 600 × 422 pixels
File size: 39 KB
Highlighted image: no
Military ServiceHMS EssexHMS Essex
Format: image/jpeg
Image dimensions: 350 × 226 pixels
File size: 12 KB
Highlighted image: no
Military ServiceHMS DrakeHMS Drake
Format: image/jpeg
Image dimensions: 350 × 246 pixels
File size: 16 KB
Highlighted image: no
Military ServiceErnest Twose Centre In White OverallErnest Twose Centre In White Overall
Format: image/jpeg
Image dimensions: 1,093 × 696 pixels
File size: 216 KB
Note: With the help of his shipmates on HMS Drake Ernest is splicing a wire rope.
Military ServiceA Close UpA Close Up
Format: image/jpeg
Image dimensions: 1,169 × 1,137 pixels
File size: 216 KB
Note: The cap ribbon of the sailor opposite Ernest reads HMS Drake.
Military ServiceHMS GraftonHMS Grafton
Format: image/jpeg
Image dimensions: 350 × 243 pixels
File size: 12 KB
Highlighted image: no
Military ServiceErnest Edward Twose 1910Ernest Edward Twose 1910
Format: image/jpeg
Image dimensions: 600 × 861 pixels
File size: 219 KB
Note: HMS Grafton cap ribbon. Right sleeve indicates Seaman Gunner. Left sleeve Leading Seaman anchor and two Good Conduct stripes.
Military ServiceHMS BritanniaHMS Britannia
Format: image/jpeg
Image dimensions: 350 × 256 pixels
File size: 17 KB
Highlighted image: no
MilitaryErnest's Coastguard RecordErnest's Coastguard Record
Format: application/pdf
File size: 806 KB
Highlighted image: no
Military ServiceCoastguard Cottages Flamborough HeadCoastguard Cottages Flamborough Head
Format: image/jpeg
Image dimensions: 825 × 497 pixels
File size: 60 KB
Highlighted image: no
Military ServiceCoastguard Cottages At SpeetonCoastguard Cottages At Speeton
Format: image/jpeg
Image dimensions: 800 × 600 pixels
File size: 64 KB
Highlighted image: no
Military ServiceHMS MarsHMS Mars
Format: image/jpeg
Image dimensions: 727 × 519 pixels
File size: 114 KB
Highlighted image: no
Military ServiceErnest Edward Twose 1915Ernest Edward Twose 1915
Format: image/jpeg
Image dimensions: 466 × 760 pixels
File size: 242 KB
Note: Portrait taken at Portland with his HMS Mars cap ribbon. On his sleeve the anchor denotes Leading Rate. He has three Good Conduct stripes.
Military ServiceRMS EbroRMS Ebro
Format: image/jpeg
Image dimensions: 450 × 294 pixels
File size: 54 KB
Highlighted image: no
Military ServiceAMC Ebro CrewAMC Ebro Crew
Format: image/jpeg
Image dimensions: 600 × 391 pixels
File size: 68 KB
Note: A group of Convoy Signalmen. The ship was part of the Fourth American Convoy and the picture was taken in Rio de Janiero.
MarriageErnest And Martha Twose Marriage CertificateErnest And Martha Twose Marriage Certificate
Format: image/jpeg
Image dimensions: 822 × 400 pixels
File size: 60 KB
Highlighted image: no
MarriageTWOSE, Ernest & Martha's Marriage CertificateTWOSE, Ernest & Martha's Marriage Certificate
Format: image/jpeg
Image dimensions: 822 × 400 pixels
File size: 60 KB
Highlighted image: yes
Military ServiceErnest Twose And His Family In 1921Ernest Twose And His Family In 1921
Format: image/jpeg
Image dimensions: 516 × 850 pixels
File size: 111 KB
Highlighted image: no
Note: Ernest, Martha, Harold, Gladys And James
Military ServiceErnest Twose C1920Ernest Twose C1920
Format: image/jpeg
Image dimensions: 623 × 898 pixels
File size: 139 KB
Note: His sleeve bears the crossed anchors denoting Petty Officer rate and his three Good Conduct stripes.
Military ServiceThe complement of HM Coastguard DealThe complement of HM Coastguard Deal
Format: image/jpeg
Image dimensions: 854 × 687 pixels
File size: 386 KB
Note: Ernest is rear left. At the peak of the gable on the Senior Coastguard Officer's house behind the hedge is the RN anchor symbol. This house still stands,
Military ServiceThe Senior Coastguard Officer's House TodayThe Senior Coastguard Officer's House Today
Format: image/jpeg
Image dimensions: 850 × 658 pixels
File size: 89 KB
Note: The peak of the gable has changed slightly but the RN anchor is still there.
Military ServiceHM Coastguard Deal Lookout.HM Coastguard Deal Lookout.
Format: image/jpeg
Image dimensions: 1,100 × 692 pixels
File size: 176 KB
Note: The Senior Coastguard Officer's house is seen behind and the roofs of the CoastGuard cottages.
Military ServiceHM Coastguard Cottages DealHM Coastguard Cottages Deal
Format: image/jpeg
Image dimensions: 749 × 353 pixels
File size: 37 KB
Note: Ernest and his family would have occupied one of these.
OccupationErnest Twose In About 1925Ernest Twose In About 1925
Format: image/jpeg
Image dimensions: 652 × 834 pixels
File size: 71 KB
Highlighted image: no
Note: Ernest in his Waterguard uniform. The cap badge corresponds to that of the rank of a Coast Preventive Man of that period (see inset)
PortraitErnest And Family About 1927Ernest And Family About 1927
Format: image/jpeg
Image dimensions: 1,000 × 685 pixels
File size: 226 KB
Highlighted image: no
Note: It's not known who the elder boy on the left and the girl in the background are. James, Gladys And Harold are at the front.
OccupationRocket Life Saving Apparatus Building In 1900Rocket Life Saving Apparatus Building In 1900
Format: image/jpeg
Image dimensions: 816 × 900 pixels
File size: 255 KB
Highlighted image: no
Note: Ernest later had his office in this building.
OccupationHarbour View DinerHarbour View Diner
Format: image/jpeg
Image dimensions: 387 × 473 pixels
File size: 49 KB
Note: The Rocket Life Saving Apparatus Station building today. The Admiralty anchor on the distinctive gable end gives the clue.
PortraitJames, Harold And Ernest In About 1940James, Harold And Ernest In About 1940
Format: image/jpeg
Image dimensions: 1,000 × 644 pixels
File size: 187 KB
Highlighted image: no
PortraitErnest, Harold, Martha And James In About 1940Ernest, Harold, Martha And James In About 1940
Format: image/jpeg
Image dimensions: 1,000 × 713 pixels
File size: 169 KB
PortraitJack And Sarah's Golden WeddingJack And Sarah's Golden Wedding
Format: image/jpeg
Image dimensions: 1,200 × 892 pixels
File size: 304 KB
Highlighted image: no
DeathErnest Twose Death CertificateErnest Twose Death Certificate
Format: image/jpeg
Image dimensions: 1,000 × 491 pixels
File size: 159 KB
Highlighted image: no
Media objectErnest Edward TwoseErnest Edward Twose
Format: image/jpeg
Image dimensions: 303 × 383 pixels
File size: 33 KB
Highlighted image: yes